Technology Transfer:

Technology Evaluation and Selection

Questions for Analyzing the Appropriateness of an Open-Architecture Technology


By: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Is the potential transferor of the technology currently practicing the technology?  where, and for what levels

of market?  Are there subsidiaries/licensees in other parts of the world?  In other words, is the technology amenable to different environments?

Can the technology supplier provide recipes for a wide produce range?  Are they covered by commercial experience in these grades?  Would the recipes be state-of-the-art?  Can they e modified to suit particular needs?

Is the general flow of operations consistent with the flowsheet and layout prepared by the technology-seeker or are there other special features?  Is automation relevant?

What features/equipment can constrain production (which are the crucial pieces of equipment)? 

What key features determine plant capacity ?  Will cooperation be possible for phased upgradation of capacity ?

What features of the technology determine and limit product mix ?

Is quality control complex ?  How complex (does it require complex equipment and special skills) ?  What features/tests/inspections determine product quality?

What features/equipment determine optimum production economics ?  Is the scrap rate an important determinant of production economics ?  Can scrap be recycled ? Is scrap resalable ?

Which processing operations require a high level of skill in operations ?  Can the skill be developed on-site, or does it require observing/working experience at technology supplier’s site ?

If needed, will the technology supplier himself be in a position to provide detailed ordering information for critical equipment ?  Will a third-party become involved ?

Is customer technical service important ?  If so, can the technology supplier train national personnel ?

Will the technology supplier provide assistance to solve problems at the manufacturing site ?  In the field ?

What special contributions can the technology supplier make towards the success of the national enterprise ?

Do products of the technology transferor  meet the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers ?

Are the specific components the most efficient in the use of energy, water and raw materials?  Are there cleaner production processes (i.e., less resource-intensive) that could reduce the amount of waste generated for no or little additional cost ?

Is the combination of cleaner production processes and pollution control equipment the least expensive means of complying with the environmental standards of the country ?

Do some unit processes use input materials, such as lead or formaldehyde, that would create health and safety problems for the workforce ?  Are substitutes technically and financially feasible ?  if not, what additional investment must be made to reduce health and safety risks to the workforce?