Cultural Intelligence:


Enneagram Analysis

Enneagram Types of Some World Cultures


These are stereotypes, of sorts, and are meant to be taken as generalities, not set in stone. It's a bit tongue in cheek, to boot.




The Wheel of Life: Eastern vs. Western View

Selected Countries and Their Corresponding Type Values

From The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Power of the Enneagram by Herb Pearce and Karen K. Brees

Type 1 England the King, the Queen, rules and order, traditions, strong beliefs, and propriety, though darker underneath with a history of imperialism and Victorian sexuality. Also, a touch of 5, with pursuit of knowledge.

Type 2 Italy the maternal side, eat more, emotional, positive, romantic, seductive. A bit of Type 4, too! Drama, intrigue -- the Borgias!

Type 3 United States show me the money, image, action, symbols of success, be Number One, materialism. >>>

Type 4 France individuality, art, pursue me if you want to, nonconformity.

Type 5 Sweden learning, travel, rational viewpoint of sexuality, privacy.

Type 6 Germany security, order, details, being victim and dominator.

Type 7 Caribbean in general festival, fun, pleasure, being outdoors.

Type 8 Spain bullfights, colonization

Type 9 Canada socialized medicine, low crime rate, peace-oriented.


Cultural Auras: Styles of Selected World Cultures

By: Thomas Chou

Ancient Rome - 8    Ancient Greece - 1 + 7    China - 9w1, moving toward 3    United States - 3 + 1 + 7      Others: England, France, Democrats and Republicans.




Ancient Rome: 8

Ancient Rome began as a few city states on the Italian peninsula, but eventually expanded to include much of modern-day Spain, France, Turkey, Greece, the Middle East, and North Africa.  From the beginning, their culture was driven by conquest, military power, and expansion, which are values of ambitious 8s.  One of ancient Rome's most prominent leaders, Julius Caesar, was also an 8.  The Romans gave considerable cultural autonomy to the lands they conquered as long as they paid taxes and recognized Roman authority.  Again, many 8s are like this demanding loyalty but granting remarkable autonomy within certain absolute boundaries.  Roman culture borrowed (some would say stole) heavily from others; for example, their religion was taken first from the Greeks, and later from the early Christians, and their architecture also borrowed heavily from ancient Greece.  When Rome ran out of new territories to conquer, the society lost some of its sense of mission and began to lose discipline.  Without new conquests to bring in more money and resources, the strain of defending its vast territory against myriad outsiders took an enormous financial toll on the empire, which slowly declined until 476 A.D. when the Western portion of the empire collapsed.

Ancient Greece: 1 + 7

Ancient Greek culture was competitive, and valued high achievement. 

This in itself is not unusual for a Western culture, but the ancient Greeks also idealized perfection, beauty, symmetry, and order.  These ideals were incorporated into their architecture, government, mathematics, philosophy, athletics, sculpture and art, all of which stressed high ideals, virtue, and aesthetic order.  Greek mathematicians invented the "golden ratio" (1.618...), which they believed to be the ideal proportions for almost everything, from architectural structures to paintings to natural organisms.  Greek culture also prized rationality, and kept secret their own mathematical discovery of "irrational numbers" (numbers that cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers) - this was practically a heretical idea.

Of course, no culture is monolithic, and there were other sub-elements of Ancient Greek culture that do not seem 1-ish.  For example, the Greeks worshiped Gods that were essentially like men, only with more terrifying powers.  Their Gods were not particularly rational, righteous, detail-oriented, or in any way 1-like as far as I can tell.

Ancient China: 9+1

Ancient Chinese literature, poetry, religious, and social beliefs heavily emphasized social harmony, as well as harmony with nature.  Much more than Western poetry, classical Chinese poetry almost obsessively dwells on the wonders of nature, as do classic Chinese paintings.  9 cultures generally dislike continuous conflict and power struggle, which may be one reason why the rigid Confucian social ideals were so widely accepted in China for the last two millennia.  Confucius (probably a 1) defined an age and gender-based social hierarchy with the emperor at the top, and everyone else below in a fixed ranking.  Chinese society unified itself culturally and politically in 221 B.C., far earlier than any other region of similar size.  Unity remains a national goal today.

Ancient China had a strong self-preservationist cast.  The country has been economically self-sufficient for almost all of its history.  The Great Wall was designed to keep China's neighbor's out, and represents another self-preservationist defense mechanism.  The Wall's construction began about 2000 years ago, and at its peak involved the labor of almost 70% of the male population of China.

Inertia is a characteristic vice of Enneagram style 9, and Chinese society's early precocious advances fell victim to a similar form of stagnation.  It is a great historical mystery how China, from the year 221 B.C. to the year 1900, went from being one of the world's most advanced nations to one of the most impoverished and backward.  The 9-like culture might be one reason.

Lao Tzu  ●  Confucius  ●  Sun Tzu

Modern China: moving toward 3, with a 6-ish government

Modern Chinese culture still retains 9-ish desires for stability, unity, and continuity with its own past.  But business, profit, and money are increasingly important, motivated partly by a desire to recover lost prestige, to catch up to the West, and avenge their humiliating treatment by Western powers in the 19th century.  China is increasingly concerned with how it is viewed by the rest of the world. However, the government of China is still totalitarian, deeply conservative, resistant to major change, and also contains some strong unhealthy 6-ish elements.

United States: a 3 society with 1 and 7 influences

3-ish elements in America are quite plain to see: American culture is competitive and goal-oriented, and Americans worship success and winning.  The quintessentially American institutions of Hollywood and Madison Avenue are both focused almost exclusively on image-creation.  A puritannical 1-ish streak was also present from the early years of this nation.  Many 19th century presidents were 1s, including George Washington, James Madison, Abraham Lincoln, and Grover Cleveland.  American views on sexual openness, drug use, and other social issues are also quite puritannical compared to the European countries from which most Americans trace their roots.  However, there is also a sex-drugs-rock and roll element which could be seen as 7-ish.

Americans vs. Chinese  ●  American vs. Japanese Companies

Native American Proverbs

Other contemporary cultures

England: 1 moving toward 4.  Some say 8 moving toward 5.  (1-ish aspects include being the birthplace of representative government, the Magna Carta, and constitutional monarchy, but England was also a major colonial power, suggestive of 8).

France: 4+7 (fine food and wine, romance, and a disdain for anyone not French)

The Democratic party in America:  7 - more open to new ideas and diversity than the Republicans, but perpetually prone to fragmentation and a lack of discipline.  The party preaches inclusivity, and for the most part practices it.  The Democrat party consists of labor unions, most ethnic minorities, intellectual elites, Hollywood, trial lawyers, women, and professionals.  All of these groups currently lean toward the democratic party, even though their interests are often greatly at odds with each other.

The Republican party in America:  6 - concerned with security issues, national defense, morality, but also with a frighteningly dogmatic right wing.  Traditionally, the Republican party has been better at coordination and working together as a group than Democrats.  This cohesion is partly due to the party's domination by a small demographic group: white, male, affluent, heterosexual Christians.  The party is generally indifferent or actively hostile toward those who are not white, affluent, Christian, or heterosexual.