Strategic Management

Strategic Programming



Traditional Strategic Management model
for simple and stable business environment




Strategic Management Strategy Implementation Strategic Programming Identification of Mission Setting Objectives Strategic Management Strategic Programming model  

As a strategic leader, you must ensure that your realized strategies are as similar as possible to your deliberate strategies, which, in turn, should be as close as possible to intended strategies.

Strategic programming is planning how your deliberate strategy can best match the realized to the intended strategy.




"Strategic programming makes sense when the world is expected to hold still or change predictably while the intended strategies unfold, so that formulation can logically precede implementation." ~ Henry Mintzberg


Limitations to Strategic Programming





Strengths of Strategic Programming

Strategic programming facilitates communication about strategic issues and achieving integration across organizational levels and functional specialties.

Properly done, rational strategic planning provides your entire organization with a road map that greatly facilitates personal individual initiative.


Strategy Management

Strategic Planning

Traditional Management Model

Strategic Learning




Planning, Programming, and Budgeting System (PPBS)

In the Strategic Programming model, plan development and implementation takes place in a straightforward linear fashion.

Strategy Formulation: based on a preestablished mission and its corresponding goals and objectives, you identify alternative strategies and evaluate them before selecting the preferred option.

Strategy Implementation: implement the strategy through a tactics described by a series of increasingly detailed and shorter range plans, programs, and budgets. Each level of plans should have a corresponding level of budgets by which adherence to the plans is enforced.

Conditions That Encourage a Strategic Programming Approach to Implementation

Necessity Conditions: Simplicity; Stability

Motivating Conditions: Industry Maturity; Capital Intensity; Tightly Coupled Operations; External Control

Impediments To Strategy Implementation




Strategy Innovation vs. Strategy Programming

In strategic programming, you can realistically separate planning and doing, strategy formulation and implementation.


Strategy Implementation Difficulties

Strategy Innovation




In strategy innovation, you assume that you cannot realistically tell in advance how the future will unfold or what will work, and therefore intertwine formulations and implementation, continually adjusting your strategy as you gain new insights through an experimental trial-and-error process of learning by doing.

Strategic Management