Holistic Thinking


The Blind Men and the Elephant

Educational Legend


Selective Perceptions

Perceptual Positions

Vadim Kotelnikov advice quotes

If you look at something from one point of view only, you can see very little of it.

Vadim Kotelnikov


Same Reality, Different Perceptions


Perceptions vs Holistic View: Elephant perceived by six blind men


 There is never just one way to look at something there are always different perspectives, meanings, and perceptions, depending on who, why and how is looking.




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There are various versions of the story of the blind men and the elephant. The blind men and the elephant is a legend that appears in different cultures different cultures ‒ notably China, Africa and India ‒ and the tale dates back thousands of years. Some versions of the story feature three blind men, others five or six, but the message is always the same.



Here's a story of the six blind men and the elephant.

Six blind men were discussing exactly what they believed an elephant to be, since each had heard how strange the creature was, yet none had ever seen one before. So the blind men agreed to find an elephant and discover what the animal was really like.

It didn't take the blind men long to find an elephant at a nearby market.

The first blind man approached the beast and felt the animal's firm flat side. "It seems to me that the elephant is just like a wall," he said to his friends.

The second blind man reached out and touched one of the elephant's tusks. "No, this is round and smooth and sharp - the elephant is like a spear."

Intrigued, the third blind man stepped up to the elephant and touched its trunk. "Well, I can't agree with either of you; I feel a squirming writhing thing surely the elephant is just like a snake."    

The fourth blind man was of course by now quite puzzled. So he reached out, and felt the elephant's leg. "You are all talking complete nonsense," he said, "because clearly the elephant is just like a tree."

Utterly confused, the fifth blind man stepped forward and grabbed one of the elephant's ears. "You must all be mad an elephant is exactly like a fan."

Duly, the sixth man approached, and, holding the beast's tail, disagreed again. "It's nothing like any of your descriptions the elephant is just like a rope."

And all six blind men continued to argue, based on their own particular experiences, as to what they thought an elephant was like. It was an argument that they were never able to resolve. Each of them was concerned only with their own idea. None of them had the full picture, and none could see any of the other's point of view. Each man saw the elephant as something quite different, and while in part each blind man was right, none was wholly correct.

You Are What You Think



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Alan Alda quotes

Begin challenging your own assumptions. Your assumptions are your windows on the world. Scrub them off every once in awhile, or the light won't come in.

Alan Alda


Perception, different perceptions, illustration, cylinder, circle, square