Thinking 360




Holistic Thinking



Educational Legend

The Blind Men and the Elephant




Vadim Kotelnikov

If you don't see the big picture of something and look at it from one point of view only, you can see very little of it.

Vadim Kotelnikov, founder of 1000ventures - personal logo VadiK

Inventor Business e-Coach

Author Innoball

Founder Innompic Games icon



Here's a story of the six blind men and the elephant.





Six blind men were discussing exactly what they believed an elephant to be, since each had heard how strange the creature was, yet none had ever seen one before. So the blind men agreed to find an elephant and discover what the animal was really like.

  Perceptions vs. Holistic View Elephant perceived by six blind men



The blind men found an elephant at a nearby market.





① The first blind man approached the beast and felt the animal's firm flat side. "It seems to me that the elephant is just like a wall," he said to his friends.

② The second blind man reached out and touched one of the elephant's tusks. "No, this is round and smooth and sharp - the elephant is like a spear."

③ Intrigued, the third blind man stepped up to the elephant and touched its trunk. "Well, I can't agree with either of you; I feel a squirming writhing thing surely the elephant is just like a snake."

④ The fourth blind man was of course by now quite puzzled. So he reached out, and felt the elephant's leg. "You are all talking complete nonsense," he said, "because clearly the elephant is just like a tree."

⑤ Utterly confused, the fifth blind man stepped forward and grabbed one of the elephant's ears. "You must all be mad an elephant is exactly like a fan."

⑥ Duly, the sixth man approached, and, holding the beast's tail, disagreed again. "It's nothing like any of your descriptions the elephant is just like a rope."

And all six blind men continued to argue, based on their own particular experiences, as to what they thought an elephant was like.




It was an argument that they were never able to resolve. Each of them was concerned only with their own idea. None of them had the full picture, and none could see any of the other's point of view. Each man saw the elephant as something quite different, and while in part each blind man was right, none was wholly correct.



Holistic Intelligence

Selective Perceptions

Perceptual Positions



Vadim Kotelnikov

Usually, working harder is counter-productive if you move in a wrong direction, but you can make valuable accidental discoveries if you keep your mind open.

Vadim Kotelnikov, founder of 1000ventures - personal logo VadiK

Inventor Business e-Coach

Author Innoball

Founder Innompic Games icon



Keep in Mind

There is never just one way to look at something there are always different perspectives, meanings, and perceptions, depending on who, why and how is looking.

  Perception, different perceptions, illustration, cylinder, circle, square



Perceptual positions can help you gain new understanding of the full picture through seeing things from different perspectives.


Idea Assessment

42 Perceptual Positions





The Legend

There are various versions of the story of the blind men and the elephant. The blind men and the elephant is a legend that appears in different cultures ‒ notably China, Africa and India ‒ and the tale dates back thousands of years. Some versions of the story feature three blind men, others five or six, but the message is always the same.


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