Differences between What Leaders and Managers Do

Managers

Leaders

Working in the system

Working on the system

React

Create opportunities

Control risks

Seek opportunities

Enforce organizational rules

Change organizational rules

Seek and then follow direction

Provide a vision to believe in and strategic alignment

Control people by pushing them in the right direction

Motivate people by satisfying human needs

Coordinate effort

Inspire achievement and energize people

Provide instructions

Coach followers, create self-leaders, and empower them